Definition of Sleep Disorders
Sleep disorders are very common and around 40% of children at some point suffer from them. They are also more prevalent in children with ADHD, learning difficulties or chronic paediatric illnesses.
Signs and Symptoms of Sleep Disorders
There are many causes of sleep disorders, it’s important to find the cause in order to treat the disorder.
There are 3 types of sleep disorders:
Not sleeping enough (sleeplessness or insomnia)
Sleeping too much (excessive sleepiness or hypersomnia)
Episodic disturbances of behaviour related to sleep such as night terrors, sleep-talking, sleepwalking and nocturnal enuresis.
Treatment of Sleep Disorders
Treatment for sleep disorders can vary depending on the cause. In some cases medication may be required if it is related to airways constraints, occasionally melatonin may be prescribed to promote sleep but more commonly talking therapy is applied.
An initial one hour assessment will be required followed by a further one hour followup.
If a referral for a polysomnography is necessary I will contact your GP to carry out the referral which can be carried out on the NHS, or this office can arrange one privately. This office will not charge and will be not held responsible for this procedure.
During this assessment time we will cover the following points:
Patients will be asked to fill in a sleep diary.
BEARS assessment will be issued after the initial assessment.
Sleep hygiene and psycoeducation will be offered.
If another psychiatric condition is suspected the child will enter other pathways, listed in this section.
Dr. Giovanni Giaroli MD MSc PGDipCAT